Our back is central to every movement we make. Arm, leg, head and neck movements all affect our back. So experiencing back pain can not only affect training but get in the way of day to day living.
Spinal curvature is a common factor effecting athletes training, sedentary workers (desk jobs) and manual labourers. The 3 main spine curvature disorders are:
Hyperlordosis: Also called swayback, the spine of a person with lordosis curves significantly inward at the lower back.
Hyperkyphosis: Kyphosis is characterized by an abnormally rounded upper back (more than 50 degrees of curvature).
Scoliosis: A person with scoliosis has a sideways curve to their spine. The curve is often S-shaped or C-shaped.
Having any one of these disorders can cause general back pain, discomfort during exercise or even difficulty in movement.
More often than not, once you've established the cause (and it's usually a lot more simple than you think) the problem can be easily fixed. The main causes of spinal curvature are: obesity, poor posture, weakened/ loose muscles but sometimes the cause can be hereditary or medical (diagnosis).
Hyperlordosis or lordosis usually indicates weakened abdominal muscles/ gluteus maximus. With the lower back muscles tighter than those of the abdominals, the spine is pulled inwards, resulting in the exaggerated curve at the base of the spine.
Hyperkyphosis or kyphosis can be an indicator of weakened neck/ upper back muscles or tight neck/ pectoralis muscles (chest). The imbalance in the muscular strength results in the overly arched upper back.
Symptoms of hyperlordosis and hyperkyphosis can usually be eased with exercise but in some severe cases may need physiotherapy, casting or even surgery.
Scoliosis tends to be a lot more complicated and more often than not will need bracing, casting or surgery to relieve the symptoms.
If you experience any discomfort of your back during physical activity you should stop and consult with your GP before continuing to exercise. For any further advice on this matter, contact directly through my contact page.